In the past several decades, CBD oil has gained rapid popularity not only for its relaxing properties, but for its potential health benefits as well.
If you’ve been following the fight to legalize medical marijuana in the United States, you may have heard of CBD oil before, but just what exactly is it and what does it do?
In this comprehensive guide, we’re going to go far beyond those two questions and delve into the history of CBD, its uses, side effects, legality, and even show you how to make it at home.
By the time you’re done reading, you’ll know everything there is to know about CBD oil.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD, also called Cannabidiol, is just one of 85 different chemical compounds in marijuana plants. CBD oil is derived from hemp, or cannabis grown with very little THC (often less than 0.3%).
We refer to marijuana as cannabis grown for its psychoactive effects, and hemp as cannabis grown for its practical uses as a fiber.
Unlike THC, which is another compound found in cannabis plants, CBD oil is not psychoactive or intoxicating and has shown strong signs of being an effective treatment for a variety of diseases and mental health disorders.
A Brief History of CBD Oil
While it didn’t gain much attention in the United States until the 1990s, scientists have known about CBS oil for decades, and hemp has been used medicinally for centuries – there’s even evidence that it was used to treat epilepsy as early as 1800 BC in ancient Sumer.
CBD was first isolated from hemp in 1940 by researchers at the University of Illinois. For the chemistry buffs out there, here is the original research paper.
Even though they had isolated Cannabidiol and determined its molecular structure, scientists still didn’t understand much about it, namely how it interacted with the human body.
It was not until the 1970’s that CBD oil began to be studied for its therapeutic properties, particularly its ability to suppress nausea in chemotherapy patients and increases appetite in AIDS patients.
Today, the known benefits of CBD oil, particularly its ability to treat children suffering from severe epilepsy, has been a driving factor in the fight to legalize medical marijuana and an increase in serious research efforts.
While we still have ways to go, progress is slowly being made.
Is CBD Oil Legal in All U.S. States?
Since the enactment of the Controlled Substances Act in 1970 prohibited the growth of cannabis plants in the United States, legalization has been a slow process.
But one state at a time, the cannabis, also called hemp, used to make CBD oil is regaining its legality.
At the time of writing this article, 31 U.S. states allow the growth of industrial hemp, with the newest addition to the list being North Carolina.
States That Allow Growing Industrial Hemp: