The Nine Sacred Herbs of the Saxons

September 29, 2016

If you could only pick nine herbs to rely on for the rest of your life, which would they be?

It’s a tough question for most of us to answer, but the Saxons held nine herbs as the most sacred. They even had a poem or charm — called Lacnunga (Remedies) — written about them, which dates from the 10-century. The herbs of the Lacnunga manuscript were highly valued, and used as treatment against poison and infection. These same herbs are still highly regarded, widely used today, and worthy of a closer look:

Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris): Mugwort is well known as the premier herb for dreamwork. The silver on the underside of the leaves shows an affinity for the moon and the female reproductive system. Mugwort tea and essential oil help ease PMS symptoms. The essential oil also helps to relax the brain, improve circulation and aids in delivering nutrients to brain cells.  It is a stimulant which helps keep the female hormones functioning properly.  Mugwort itself gets its name “mug weed” because it used to be used to flavor ale/beer before the use of hops became popular.  Moxa, which is used in acupuncture, is made from dried Mugwort. In the nine herbs charm Mugwort was named “Una,” the oldest herb.

Plantain1

Plantain

Plantain (Plantago major): Plantain was called “waybroad” in ancient herbal texts for its propensity to grow where the earth was most densely packed: trails and roadways.  Plantain is well known for its ability to pull nutrients from the soil, and draw out infections and foreign bodies from people. Have a splinter or step on some broken glass? Use plantain oil to help remove it. I like to call it Nature’s bandaid.  It makes a great field poultice if you’ve been stung by a bee or other insect, it’s very soothing to cuts and abrasions and can ease discomfort caused by poison ivy.  Plantain is also great for soothing dry sinuses and the digestive system.  Plantain was referred to as the “mother of herbs” in the 9 Herbs Charm.

Watercress (Nasturtium officinalis): Incredibly high in Vitamin C, this delicious herb has been used both medicinally and as food for centuries. It has a mustard-like taste and is great in soups, sandwiches, salads and as a pot herb. Because of its high vitamin and mineral content, it is a valuable remedy for chronic illnesses. It is also a natural diuretic.  In the Nine Herbs Charm it is called “Stune.”

Chamomille

Chamomille

Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis): A wonderful nervine, chamomile is also a great herb for the digestive system, helping to soothe upset stomachs. Chamomile tea is a soothing remedy for menstrual cramps and also helps with insomnia.  Distilling German chamomile yields a wonderful blue essential oil which is one of the few oils safe to use “neat” or directly on the skin.  I have successfully eased burns with a drop of chamomile essential oil.  It seems to have regenerative properties as no scarring is evident.  The Saxon word for Chamomile is “Maythen.”

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