1901: John Francis Queeny, a thirty-year pharmaceutical veteran, founded Monsanto as a chemical company. The company launched to produce Saccharin, the artificial sweetener sold to Coca-Cola.
1920’s: Monsanto expands into basic industrial chemicals and drugs. They become the largest maker of aspirin. This also marks the introduction of their Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). PBCs were considered an industrial wonder chemical and are now found to be one of the gravest chemical threats on the planet.
They were banned after fifty years due to their toxic nature, but even still, traces are found in just about all animal and human blood tissue cells across the globe. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says, “PCB has been demonstrated to cause cancer, as well as a variety of other adverse health effects on the immune system, reproductive system, nervous system and endocrine system.” Internal company papers show that Monsanto knew about the PCB dangers from early on.
During the Second World War, Monsanto began research on uranium to be used for the Manhattan Project’s first atomic bomb and continued to operate a nuclear facility for the U.S. Government until the late 80’s.
1940’s: Monsanto becomes a leading manufacturer of synthetic plastics, and uses its first hybrid seed corn to expand into toxic household products, such as detergents, soaps, and industrial cleaning products.
After the Second World War, Monsanto championed the use of chemical pesticides in agriculture. They created these pesticides using dioxin, which poisons the food and water supplies. It was later discovered that Monsanto knowingly failed to disclose that dioxin was used in many of their products.
1960’s: Monsanto produces dioxin-laced Agent Orange for use in the United States’ Vietnam invasion. Vietnam War Veterans in the United States filed a lawsuit against Monsanto following the contamination of 3 million Vietnamese civilians, 500,000 of them left dead, and a half-million babies born with birth defects.
Internal Monsanto memos show that they were aware of the dangers of dioxin contamination of Agent Orange when it sold to the U.S. government, but still, no compensation has been paid to Vietnamese civilians because Monsanto was able to present studies that showed otherwise.
1960’s: G.D. Searle discovered the artificial sweetener Aspartame. Aspartame, also referred to as NutraSweet or Equal, laces more than 6,000 products and is added to diet versions of many of the most popular sodas. The FDA first approved aspartame in 1974, but one of FDA’s very own scientists, Adrian Gross, found internal research revealing that aspartame causes tumors and massive holes in the brains of rats before killing them.
The FDA then initiates a grand jury investigation into G.D. Searle for knowingly misrepresenting findings and put the approval on hold. Here’s where it gets even more curios. At that time, Donald Rumsfeld was both the CEO of Searle and on the transition team for Ronald Reagan.
After Reagan’s inauguration in 1981, Searle re-applied aspartame to the FDA for approval, at which point Reagan fired the FDA commissioner and replaced him with Arthur Hayes Hull, Jr., who re-approved aspartame for dry products, despite indisputable research revealing its toxic effects. Two years later, after flooding the market, aspartame was approved for liquids. Soon after, Hull left the FDA to take a job at Searle’s PR firm.
In 1976, Roundup, Monsanto’s most popular pesticide and herbicide, was created. Roundup, a chemical weed killer used by farmers across the board, is designed to kill every natural thing it touches. Within a few years, Roundup was Monsanto’s most profitable product.
The success of Roundup led Monsanto to shift its focus to agriculture and distance itself from the historical core of its business. Monsanto then developed genetically modified suicide seeds, or Roundup-ready seeds, that would resist the glyphosate, the active ingredient found in Roundup, so that farmers can still use the Roundup to blanket their fields and kill weeds, pests, and everything else.
These GMO-ready crops are engineered to self-pollinate, so even if bees attempt to pollinate a GM plant or flower, they are poisoned and die. Do you really want to eat that? They even took it a step further and patented these seeds, so if you are a farmer who buys Roundup-ready seeds, you are required to sign an agreement promising not to save the seed produced after each harvest for re-planting. You are also prohibited from selling the seed to other farmers. In short, farmers are forced to buy new seeds and heavily rely on Monsanto. Monsanto sets aside a budget of $10 million to harass farmers over alleged improper use of its patented seeds, driving many small farmers out of business.
In 1985, Monsanto purchased Searle. Conveniently, a 1987 General Accounting Office report states that research on aspartame was ongoing in all areas except brain tumors. Furthermore, the FDA dissuaded the National Toxicology Program from doing further cancer research on aspartame. Yet, there a still many independent scientists and researchers showing aspartame’s toxic effects on the brain. Like I said, convenient.
According to The U.S. Food & Drug Administration, the known effects of aspartame ingestion are: “mania, rage, violence, blindness, joint-pain, fatigue, weight-gain, chest-pain, coma, insomnia, numbness, depression, tinnitus, weakness, spasms, irritability, nausea, deafness, memory-loss, rashes, dizziness, headaches, seizures, anxiety, palpitations, fainting, cramps, diarrhea, panic, burning in the mouth. Diseases triggered/mimicked include diabetes, MS, lupus, epilepsy, Parkinson’s, tumors, miscarriage, infertility, fibromyalgia, infant death, and Alzheimer’s.