What Your Urine Color Means for Your Health

November 6, 2020

e do it every day, several times a day, but how much do you really think about your pee and whether or not it’s normal? Your pee color and frequency can actually be pretty telling — indicating your hydration levels and even serving as a sign of potential health issues.

What does your pee say about your health? Many things, really.

It may indicate an issue with your bladder, kidneys, prostate or urethra. Cloudy, dark or foamy pee serves as a sign of bacteria growth or worse.

It’s important to be aware of your pee — as silly as it sounds — and reach out to your health care professional when you notice prolonged abnormalities.

What Is Pee?

Pee is liquid waste that travels through the urinary tract before it exits the body. It’s made up of water, salt, electrolytes and chemicals.

Here’s a simple rundown of the urinary tract, where pee is made from blood and then travels through the body:

Kidneys: Filter waste and toxins from our blood and produce urine

Ureters: Takes pee from the kidney to the bladder

Bladder: A sac that stores urine

Urethra: The tube that carries pee from the bladder out of the body during urination

Pee is important because it filters waste from the body. The kidneys work to filter waste from the blood to produce urine.

When the kidneys, which make up your natural filtration system, aren’t working properly, toxins can be left in the body and negatively impact your health.

Urine Color and Meaning

The color of your pee can actually tell you a lot about your health and hydration levels.

The standard color of pee is a clear yellow, which occurs because of a chemical called urochrome. This chemical is an end product of protein metabolism, and it creates the normal and natural yellow pigment in urine.

Researchers indicate that many of the causes of abnormal urine color are benign. The color of your pee will change because of a few factors, including your diet, medications, hydration and health.

Here’s a rundown of possible pee colors and why your pee looks that way:

1. Clear

Clear urine is a sign that you’re hydrated and ingesting enough fluids. It’s completely normal for your urine to be clear here and there, but if it’s always clear, that may be a sign that you are actually over-hydrated, which can mean that your electrolytes are out of balance.

If your pee never has a yellow tint, then try cutting back on your water intake.

2. Yellow

The normal color of pee is a light yellow to deep amber color. This occurs because urochrome, which has a yellow pigment, is produced by the body when it breaks down hemoglobin, a type of protein that carries oxygen to the red blood cells.

The shade of yellow in your pee depends on your urochrome levels.

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