In the first prospective study of directly measured body fat distribution and cancer risk, investigators found that higher levels of abdominal and thigh fat are associated with an increased risk of aggressive form of cancer.
It’s not the amount of fat in your body but where it’s stored that may increase your risk for heart attack, stroke and diabetes.
Categorized by a number of physical traits, whether slim, athletic or voluptuous, it’s a good idea to figure out which body type you belong to and learn how to maximize your fitness level and appearance based on your optimal shape.
Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may lead to a better understanding of the relationship between obesity and prostate cancer and provide new insights for treatment.
Previous studies have shown that obesity is associated with an elevated risk of advanced prostate cancer and a poorer prognosis after diagnosis. Also, emerging evidence suggests that the specific distribution of fat in the body may be an important factor.
To provide high quality evidence, Barbra Dickerman, PhD, of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and her colleagues analyzed body fat distribution using the gold-standard measure of computed tomography imaging and assessed the risk of being diagnosed with, and dying from, prostate cancer among 1,832 Icelandic men who were followed for up to 13 years.
During the study, 172 men developed prostate cancer and 31 died from the disease. The accumulation of fat in specific areas–such as visceral fat (deep in the abdomen, surrounding the organs) and thigh subcutaneous fat (just beneath the skin)–was associated with the risk of advanced and fatal prostate cancer. High body mass index (BMI) and high waist circumference were also associated with higher risks of advanced and fatal prostate cancer.